Ponte, literally ‘bridge’, but this is the word used for a long weekend. When a holiday is on Thursday for example normally in Italy you take the Friday off.
Ponti di primavera are the best.
Hotel always have special offers for the ponti di primavera, the ideal moment to take a break in a nice agriturismo, or terme, or for a scampagnata
(See also “I miss agriturismo”
“I miss terme 1-2”